The Authorized Economic Operator - AEO - is a figure of vital importance in international trade today and, especially, in everything related to customs.

WHAT IS THE AUTHORIZED ECONOMIC OPERATOR

It can be defined as a reliable, compliant and trustworthy economic operator for customs operations who, depending on the type of AEO authorization he holds, will obtain advantages throughout the European Union in terms of customs simplifications and safety and security facilities.

There are two types of AEO authorization, depending on the requirements and the benefits derived from them:

  • Authorized Economic Operator Authorization for Customs Simplifications: Type C.
  • Security and Safety Authorized Economic Operator Authorization: Type S.

Being an Authorized Economic Operator is not mandatory, and can be any person, natural or legal, which is established in the customs territory of the EuropeanUnion, regardless of the size of your business, and that within the scope of their profesional activities, perform activities regulated by customs legislation, may apply for authorization of Authorized Economic Operator (examples: manufacturers, exporters, carriers, freight forwarders, customs representatives, etc.).

It must be understood that the Authorized Economic Operator was born mainly, like the American C-TPAT, as a way to increase the security of the international logistics chain, fighting both terrorism and drug-trafficking, for example.

WHERE IS THE AUTHORIZED ECONOMIC OPERATOR REGULATED?

Regulations

It is mainly included in Title I (General Provisions), Chapter 2 (Rights and Obligations of Persons under Customs Legislation) of the following Regulations:

  • REGULATION (EU) No. 952/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 9 October 2013 laying down the Union Customs Code>>Section 4 - Authorized Economic Operator - COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2015/2446 of 28 July 2015 supplementing Regulation (EU) No. 952/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with implementing rules concerning certain provisions of the Union Customs Code.
  • COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2015/2447 of 24 November 2015 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of certain provisions of Regulation (EU) No 952/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the Customs Code of the Union.

Regulation 648/2005, amending Council Regulation (EEC) 2913/1992 establishing the Community Customs Code.

Regulation 1875/2006.

Commission Regulation EC 1192/2008, amending Regulation (EEC) No 2454/93.

Plaza Forwarding obtained the status of Authorized Economic Operator for both Customs and Security on July 20, 2011.

-CHECK THE VALIDITY OF OUR AUTHORIZATION-

WHAT ADVANTAGES DO OUR CLIENTS GET FROM OUR OEA STATUS?

The advantages derived from the Authorized Economic Operator certification depend on the type of certification obtained (customs simplifications, security or both), as well as the type of company (exporter, importer, shipping company, customs broker, etc.). In general, an AEO company will have easier, simpler and more direct access to the customs administration.

In particular, they will benefit from:

  • Fewer physical and documentary controls: the number of red circuit clearances (physical inspection) and orange circuit (documentary control) is reduced.
  • Priority in physical and documentary controls: when there is a control, it is faster.
  • Centralized national clearance: customs agents can clear godos entering through any port, with all documentary formalities being carried out at another customs office.
  • Facilities to benefit from simplified customs procedures: it is possible, on the basis of AEO certification, to benefit from certain simplified customs procedures that offer interesting advantages to operators (mainly exporting and importing companies).

Authorized economic operators may sometimes request other advantages not explicitly provided for in the legislation in force, but which the Customs Department may, at its discretion, consider and grant.

CAN AN EXPORTING OR IMPORTING COMPANY BE ACCREDITED AS AN OEA?

Of course it can. In fact, we advise many of our clients (depending on size, type of operations, etc.) to opt for such certification.

WHAT DO I HAVE TO DO TO OBTAIN ACCREDITATION AS AN AUTHORIZED ECONOMIC OPERATOR?

Application

The Customs and EEI Department of the State Tax Administration Agency determines whether individuals or legal entities wishing to become an Authorized Economic Operator meet the requirements to become one, by means of a detailed audit of compliance with such requirements. For this purpose, interested parties must submit via the Electronic Headquarters, and using the regulated AEO application form, the corresponding application together with the documentation (annexes) that may be required. Processing from the Electronic Headquarters



- Procedure. Authorized Economic Operator
https://www.agenciatributaria.gob.es/AEAT.sede/en_gb/tramitacion/DC02.shtml

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE AEO

Sources of Interest

- Tax Agency
https://www.agenciatributaria.es/AEAT.internet/en_gb/Inicio/La_Agencia_Tributaria/Aduanas_e_Impuestos_Especiales/_Presentacion/Procedimientos_y_gestiones_en_la_Aduana/_EMPRESAS_Y_PROFESIONALES/Operadores_economicos_en_la_Aduana/_OPERADORES/Operador_Economico_Autorizado__OEA_/Operador_Economico_Autorizado__OEA_.shtml

- Directorate General for Taxation and Customs Union
https://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/general-information-customs/customs-security/authorised-economic-operator-aeo_en

- AEO E-learning Courses
https://www.agenciatributaria.es/AEAT.internet/en_gb/Inicio/La_Agencia_Tributaria/Aduanas_e_Impuestos_Especiales/_Presentacion/Procedimientos_y_gestiones_en_la_Aduana/_EMPRESAS_Y_PROFESIONALES/Operadores_economicos_en_la_Aduana/_OPERADORES/Operador_Economico_Autorizado__OEA_/_INFORMACION/Cursos_e_learning_OEA/Cursos_e_learning_OEA.shtml

More information about

- Customs and Excise:
https://www.agenciatributaria.gob.es/AEAT.sede/en_gb/Inicio/_otros_/_Direcciones_y_telefonos_/Aduanas_e_Impuestos_Especiales/Aduanas_e_Impuestos_Especiales.shtml

- Email contact point for AEO information: oea@correo.aeat.es

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